Native trees for Pennsylvania landscapes

Pennsylvania Native Trees

What exactly does native mean?

By definition, native Pennsylvania trees have grown in Pennsylvania before the European settlers arrived. More than 2,100 plant species make up the native botanical heritage of Pennsylvania. These outstanding native trees are already prepared and fully capable of facing the growing conditions of Pennsylvania because of their millennia of experience.

Advantages of native trees:

Native plants provide seeds, insects and caterpillars. They attract native pollinators such as native bees, butterflies, moths, beetles, local and migratory birds, and hummingbirds and attract native wildlife with the diverse habitat and food they need to survive.

They are well-adapted to the local climate and are usually easy to care for. They help conserve water because they have grown accustomed to local rainfall amounts and do not require additional watering to grow.

They will need less fertilizer because they are already adapted to their surroundings and are more resistant to insects and disease as well.

Pennsylvania has a rich legacy of natural resources that has allowed its inhabitants to thrive for centuries. Wildlife evolved with plants and use native plants for food, shelter and help rearing their young. Using native plants helps preserve this balance of natural ecosystems.

It is best not to collect from the wild. Collecting them this way causes the depletion of native species and disruption of the ecosystem. It is always best to purchase plants from a reliable, knowledgeable nursery. Here at Acorn Farms Wholesale Nursery, we offer a wide variety of Pennsylvania native trees, shrubs and perennials, including ferns, grasses and groundcovers.

Learn more about our native tree stock - select from below:

Abies Balsamea Phanerolepsis
(Canaan Fir)
Canaan Fir  - Pennsylvania native tree

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Canaan Fir (Ht. 40-50' - Wd. 15-18') is also known as the Bracted Balsam Fir. It is an medium-sized, evergreen fir native to Northeastern US and Canada. It has a narrow pyramidal form with upswept branches. It is a preferred Christmas tree variety selected for late bud break, fast growth and heavy lateral branching. Fragrant deep blue-green needles do not shed and are used for cut boughs for the Christmas Holiday.

Grows best in a moist, well-drained, loose soil, but will tolerate wetter soils than the Fraser fir. It prefers full to part sun. It will not thrive for too long in areas with hot, dry summers.

See all Abies (Fir)

Acer nigrum
(Black Maple)
Acer nigrum - Pennsylvania native tree

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Black Maple (Ht. 70' - Wd. 30-40'), a close cousin to the Sugar Maple (a subspecies), is a large, deciduous tree with a dense, rounded crown. Trunk bark is dark gray to black, becoming more rough and furrowed with age. Fall color is more yellow than the Sugar Maple and the leaves are a bit more wavy and droopy.

It prefers full sun to light shade. Planted in well-drained, fertile soil, the Black Maple is an ideal, large shade tree. And yes, you can make maple syrup from this plant.

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Acer pensylvanicum
(Striped Maple)
Striped Maple - Pennsylvania native tree

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Striped Maple (Ht. 20' Wd. 15-18"), also known as Goosefoot or Goosefoot Maple - a reference to its leaf which is shaped roughly like like a goose foot - is a slow-growing, small, deciduous understory maple tree that features unique, broadly pointed maple leaves that can be up to 7 inches long, and bark that is distinctively striped in gray, green and white. Flowers are in lavish, hanging racemes and are much showier than expected. Fall color is a bright yellow.

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Acer rubrum
(Red Maple)
Acer rubrum - Pennsylvania native tree

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Acer rubrum (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 35-40'"), commonly called Red Maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. It has a rounded, compact crown and many variable features including red tinged flowers, twigs, and seeds, but it is notable for its brilliant scarlet fall foliage. The Red Maple will need room to grow for its spreading root system, but adapts well to its surroundings and is often used as a shade tree in commercial landscapes. It is very tolerant of most soils, but prefers slightly acid, moist conditions.

The bark is pale grey and smooth when young. As the tree grows the bark becomes darker and cracks into slightly raised long plates providing winter interest for Pennsylvania landscapes.

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Acer saccharum
(Sugar Maple)
Sugar Maple - Pennsylvania native tree

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Sugar Maple (Ht. 70' Wd. 40') is native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada and the northern part of the northeast and central United States. Sugar Maples are best known for being the primary source for maple syrup and also for its vivid orange to fluorescent red-orange fall foliage.

It is a long-lived tree - typically maturing to over 200 years and its age can get as high as 300 years! They are among the most shade tolerant of large deciduous trees due to it being an understory tree in old forests. Sugar Maples can tolerate virtually any soil type short of pure sand, however, it does not tolerate swampy conditions.

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Amelanchier canadensis
(Shadblow Serviceberry)
Amelanchier canadensis - Pennsylvania Native Tree Plant

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Shadblow Serviceberry (Ht. 15-25' Wd. 15-18') is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small understory, multi-trunked tree which typically grows 15-30' tall. It has showy white blossoms that droop in clusters, opening before leaves emerge in early spring. Flowers give way to small, round, green berries that turn red and dark purple in early summer. They are edible and often used in jams, jellies and pies. The dark green foliage changes to orange-rusty red in fall. The Shadblow Serviceberry is best in woodland, naturalized or native plant gardens.

The Shadblow Serviceberry thrives in well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Keep soil moist, watering freely in dry weather. Prune when dormant, in late autumn or late winter.

See all Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Amelanchier laevis
(Allegheny Serviceberry)
Allegheny Serviceberry - Pennsylvania Native Plant

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AMELANCHIER LAEVIS-  5-6' -  Qty: 50
AMELANCHIER LAEVIS-  6-7' -  Qty: 13
AMELANCHIER LAEVIS-  7-8' -  Qty: 38
Allegheny Serviceberry (Ht. 25' Wd. 15-18') is a deciduous, usually multiple-trunked, understory tree or tall shrub with dense, fine-textured branching. White flowers occur in clusters before foliage appears in spring and give way to edible, red to dark purple berries that many use to make jam, jellies and pie. Fall brings a show of red and orange.

The Allegheny Serviceberry grows best in partial shade; it will show signs of stress if grown in full sun, especially in dry areas. They prefer well-drained, slightly alkaline to acidic loam or sand.

See all Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Aralia spinosa
(Devils Walkingstick)
Aralia spinosa aurea - Pennsylvania native plant

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Aralia spinosa (Ht. 8-10' Wd. 8-10') is a unique, small tree or large shrub that can get to 20 feet tall over time. The cool-sounding common name refers to its viciously sharp, spiny brances, petioles and even leaf midribs.

The exotic, ferny-looking bi- or tripinnate leaves may be 3-6 ft long. They are borne on long prickly stems and are themselves spiny along the ribs. The 2-4 in oval leaflets have pointed tips and toothed edges. They are dark green on top and whitish underneath, turning burgundy in the fall.

If the giant compound leaves and spikey branches weren't stunning enough, the surprisingly large inflorescence will surely stop you in your tracks. Hundreds of tiny green flowers are a boon for pollinators! Flowers give way to black fruits on bright pink fruit stalks and are a favorite food among birds.

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Asimina triloba
Asimina triloba - PawPaw - Pennsyvania native plant

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ASIMINA TRILOBA-  #3 -  Qty: 26
Asimina triloba (Ht. 25' Wd. 15-18') Common pawpaw is a deciduous, small tree with big drooping, tropical-looking leaves. The greenish fruits are shaped like bananas or mangos. They hang in clusters with 2 to 9 pawpaws per cluster. When ripe, the fruit tastes like a creamy mixture of banana and pineapple. It can take 7-8 years from seedling to fruiting. Cross-pollination of at least two different genetic varieties of the plant is recommended.

PawPaw is a plant that thrives in organically-rich areas along waterways, in woodlands, and on hillsides where the ground is especially moist. It may have the habit of either a tree or a shrub.

See all Asimina (PawPaw)

Betula Alleghaniensis
(Yellow Birch)
Betula Alleghaniensis - Yellow Birch - Pennsylvania Native Plant

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Yellow Birch (Ht. 70' Wd. 30-40') is a large and important lumber species of birch native to Northeastern North America. This single trunk deciduous tree grows larger than other eastern Birches. It has a long life, typically 150 years and some specimens may last for 300 years.

The bark on mature trees is a shiny yellow-bronze which curls, flakes and peels in horizontal strips. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins which open in late spring. The leaves are dark green that turn a bright yellow in fall.

The Yellow Birch thrives in partial sun or full sun. It prefers well-drained, fertile loams and moderately well-drained sandy loams. Transplanting a Yellow Birch should be done in early spring. Fertilize once or twice per year with a specially formulated fertilizer for Birch trees. Water to keep the soil wet a few inches below the surface. Only prune at the end of the growing season in the fall. The bronze birch borer is active during the spring and open pruning wounds can invite them in.

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Betula lenta
(Sweet Birch)
Sweet Birch - Pennsylvania native tree

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Sweet Birch (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 35-40') is also known as Black Birch, Cherry Birch, Mahagony Birch or Spice Birch, but no matter what you call it, it is a majestic and useful tree. Its wood is heavy at 47 pounds per foot and is used for furniture, millwork and cabinets.

The sap of the Sweet Birch flows about a month later than maple sap, and much faster. The trees can be tapped and the sap boiled in the same fashion as maple sap, but its syrup is strong like molasses and can be used to make birch beer.

Fall color is golden yellow and the flower is a catkin that appears before leaves emerge.

The Sweet Birch thrives in moist, rich, well-drained soils. They naturally occur in moist woodland slopes. Best grown in full sun. Spring transplant only. Avoid pruning in spring as birches tend to 'bleed' (drop sap).

See all Betula (Birch)

Betula nigra
(River Birch)
Betula nigra - River Birch - Pennsyvania native tree

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BETULA NIGRA-  #15 - 8' MS  Qty: 26
BETULA NIGRA-  8-10' -  Qty: 20
BETULA NIGRA-  14-16' -  Qty: 20
River Birch (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 35-40') is a fast-growing, medium-sized, native deciduous tree which occurs in floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. It can either be a single trunk or a multi-trunk tree with pink to reddish brown bark that exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. The dark green foliage has a leathery texture that turns yellow in fall. It is an impressive specimen that thrives in moist areas and more resistant to bores than the European white birch. It is prized for its incredible peeling bark.

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Carpinus caroliniana
(American Hornbeam)
American Hornbeam - Pennsylvania Native Plant

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American Hornbeam (Ht. 20' Wd. 20-30') is a deciduous native forest understory tree with smooth, blue-gray bark that exhibits distinctive ridges and muscle-like fluting. New leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then turn yellow to orange-red in the fall.

The American Hornbeam tolerates shady, wet sites and can handle the occasional flood. It does well in shade and partial shade - more tolerant to heat than other members of this genus. Plant in fertile, moist, slightly acidic soils . The American Hornbeam is a wonderful addition to the natural landscape.

See all Carpinus (Hornbeam)

Celtis occidentalis
(Common Hackberry)
Celtis Occidentalis - Pennsylvania native plant

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Common Hackberry (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 30-40') is also known as the Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Beaverwood and False Elm. It is a large deciduous tree native to North America. Its grayish-brown bark is cork-like with wart-like proturbances. The foliage is medium green and its fall color is not particulary impressive. It produces clusters of small oval fruits that turn orange-red to dark purple in autumn. They are a favorite of many birds.

Although the Hackberry will tolerate part shade, it is best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun.

See all Celtis (Hackberry)

Cercis canadensis
(Eastern Redbud)
Cercis canadensis - Eastern Redbud - Pennsylvania Native Plant

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CERCIS CANADENSIS-  1.5" -  Qty: 12
CERCIS CANADENSIS-  1.75" -  Qty: 2
CERCIS CANADENSIS-  10-12' - M-STEM  Qty: 13
Eastern Redbud (Ht. 20' Wd. 20-30') is a large deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to eastern North America, including Pennsylvania. The bark is smooth and brown when young. As the tree ages, scaly ridges and furrows develop in the bark. Noted for its showy display in early spring when clusters of pinkish-purple flowers develop before the foliage - striking to see!

It is easily grown in average, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Performs best in moderately fertile soils with regular and consistent moisture. Avoid poorly drained soils. Note that this tree does not transplant well so once in - done.

See all Cercis (Redbud)

Chionanthus virginicus
(White Fringetree)
White Fringetree - Pennsylvania native tree

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White Fringetree (Ht. 18' Wd. 15-18') is also known as American Fringetree, Grancy Greybeard, Old Man's Beard, and Sweetheart Tree. It is a deciduous tree with a spreading, rounded habit that grows best in full to part sun and average, well-drained soil. It can tolerate some drought. It does not grow well in acidic soils.

The bark is scaly with dark brown ridges and red furrows. It has fragrant, white flower clusters that hang from 4-8" stalks. This small tree produces dark blue drupe fruit that matures in late summer.

This tree grows in groups or as specimens in lawns, woodland borders, or used in native plant gardens - near streams or ponds. It does best when planted in moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. More sun brings on more flowers.

See all Chionanthus (Fringetree)

Cornus alternifolia
(Pagoda Dogwood)
Cornus alternifolia - Pagoda Dogwood - Pennsyvania native tree

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Pagoda Dogwood (Ht. 20' Wd. 20-30') is also known as Green Osier or Alternate-Leaved Dogwood. It is a small deciduous shrub or tree with branches that develop characteristic horizonal layers separated by gaps with a flat-topped crown. The leaves are most often arranged in crowded clusters around the ends of the twigs and turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall.

The bark is grayish-brown, becoming ridged with age. Small cream colored flowers appear in April and May. They are grouped in clusters. It bears globular drupe fruit that are blackish blue in color and attractive to eleven species of birds and also the occasional black bear.

These trees prefer moist, acidic, well-drained soil. They are most often found along the margins of forests and swamps.

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Cornus florida
(White Flowering Dogwood)
Cornus florida - White flowering Dogwood - Pennsyvania native tree

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Flowering Dogwood (Ht. 20' Wd. 20-30') is a popular species of flowering, deciduous tree that is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential or public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. It blooms in April shortly after, but usually overlapping, the bloom of the Redbuds (Cercis canadensis). Each small flower cluster is surrounded by four showy, white petal-like bracts which open flat, giving the appearance of a single, large 3-4" white flower. The oval, dark green leaves turn attractive shades of red in fall.

Bright red fruits are bitter and inedible to humans, but the birds love them! Some of the birds that feed on the fruit include Robins, Thrushes, Red-eyed Vireo, Northern Cardinal, and the Veery. The native Flowering Dogwood provides year round interest to the garden.

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Diospyros virginiana
(Common Persimmon)
Common Persimmon - Pennsylvania native tree

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Common Persimmon (Ht. 50-60' Wd. 20-30') is a also known as the American Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Simmon, Possumwood, Possum Apples and Sugar Plum. It is a deciduous tree in the ebony family that is native to central and eastern US. It is slow-growing, but can eventually grow to 60 ft in well-drained, sandy soil and thrives in full sun to part shade. A thick taproot makes it difficult to transplant.

In late spring and early summer, the Common Persimmon produces fragrant flowers which are pollinated by insects and wind. The species are usually separate male and female and both are needed for fruiting to occur.

Fruit generally begins when the tree is about 6 years old. The fruit is round and orange-yellow, sometimes bluish, and usually popular in desserts and cruisine. The more orange the color, the more sweet and ripe it is.

See all Diospyros (Persimmon)

Fagus grandifolia
(American Beech)
Fagus grandifolia - American Beech - Pennsyvania native tree

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American Beech (Ht. 60' Wd. 60') is a species of beech tree native to the eastern US and extreme southeast Canada. It is a magnificent deciduous tree with smooth, silver-gray bark and a dense, wide-spreading crown. The leaves are dark green and turn a rich russet-yellow color in fall. The fruit is a small nut, borne in pairs in a four-lobed husk.

The American Beech is a shade-tolerant tree commonly found in old forests. Few trees in its natural range other than the sugar maple match it for shade tolerance. It thrives in rich soil and ample moisture. It is intolerant of urban pollution, salt or soil compaction. It is an extremely thirsty tree with high moisture requirements. The American Beech tree makes a superb shade tree for a large area in your landscape.

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Hamamelis virginiana
(Common Witch Hazel)
Hamamelis - Common Witch Hazel - Pennsyvania native tree

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HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA-  #3 - 15-18"  Qty: 130
Witch Hazel (Ht. 20' Wd. 10-20') is a fall-blooming, deciduous, small tree that is native to woodlands, forest margins and stream banks in eastern North America. Stem-hugging clusters of fragrant bright yellow flowers appear along the branches from November to December and usually form after the leaves drop in the fall. Other species of this genus flower in late winter. The bark is gray to gray-brown and smooth.

The Witch Hazel prefers well-drained, moist, acidic, organic soil and thrives in full sun to partial shade. It is intolerant of drought.

See all Hamamelis (Witch Hazel)

Gymnocladus dioicus
(Kentucky Coffee Tree)
Kentucky Coffee Tree - Gymnocladus Dioicus - Pennsylvania native tree

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Kentucky Coffee Tree (Ht. 60' Wd. 40-50') is an adaptable, moderately fast-growing, pollution tolerant tree that you may see growing in parks, golf courses, and along city streets. Plant this tree in sites with deep, rich, moist soil. It is tolerant of high pH, drought and pollution. This tree's picturesque profile stands out all year due to its unique habit and its ashy-gray, scaly bark that flakes like the Black Cherry. Tree expert Michael Dirr has pointed out that there are "certainly no two exactly alike."

Its name came from its leather, reddish-brown seed pods and seeds that are toxic unless you roast them. Roasted seeds are sometimes used as a coffee substitute for coffee beans. Unroasted pods and seeds are toxic. Consider male cultivars to avoid the messy fruit.

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Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea - Butternut - Pennsyvania native tree

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Butternut (Ht. 40-60' Wd. 30-50') Commonly referred to as Butternut or White Walnut, this uncommon large tree is a valued native North American tree that is sadly becoming rare in the wild. The Butternut can reach 40-60 ft in height with a spread of 30-50 ft. Over a span of decades it may reach 100 ft if no harm comes to it.

Female flowers give way to clusters of edible oval nuts encased in hairy husks covered with sticky glandular hairs. Nuts mature in fall, but become rancid quickly. The nuts are oily and sweet, having a buttery flavor as the common name implies. Native Americans used the nuts for food and boiled the tree sap for syrup.

The Butternut can also be identified by its unique bark - moderately thick ash gray in color. The Butternut thrives in loamy or sandy soils. It is common along rivers where it can be elevated several feet above the active floodplain as it needs protection from floods. It is intolerant of shade so it rarely reproduces in mature forests unless there is a large gap in the forest canopy.

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Juglans nigra
(Black Walnut)
Juglans nigra - Black Walnut - Pennsyvania native tree

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Eastern Black Walnut (Ht. 70' Wd. 60') is also known as the 'Eastern American Black Walnut'. This deciduous tree is native to North America. It is an important tree commercially as the wood is attractive and easy to work with. The walnuts are cultivated for their distinctive tastiness. The Walnut trees is allelopathic, which means it releases chemicals from its roots that can cause harm to garden plants and grasses underneath it. This is a win for the Black Walnut, but not so much for anything you plant underneath it.

The Black Walnut thrives in warmer regions of fertile, lowland soils with high water tables. Walnut grows best on sandy loam, loam, or silt loam type soils. It prefers these soils because they hold large quantities of water which will help during the dry period. It can grow in drier soils, but it will slow its growth.

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Juniperus virginiana
(Eastern Redcedar)
Eastern Redcedar - Juniperus virginiana - Pennsylvania native tree

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Eastern Redcedar (Ht. 30-40' Wd. 8-10') is also known as Red Cedar, Virginian Juniper, Eastern Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Juniper and Aromatic Cedar. It is a native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. It is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense slow-growing, aromatic, conifer evergreen tree or tall shrub with horizontal branching. Given ample time and it can reach 90 feet tall! Produces bark that has a unique orange-brown color. The purple-blue Juniper berries on female trees are an important winter food for many birds including the Cedar Waxwing, named for this tree.

The Eastern Juniper is a pioneer species due to it being one of the first trees to repopulate cleared, eroded, or otherwise damaged land. It is a very long lived species with a potential life expectancy up to 900 years! It is commonly found in prairies, limestone hills or old pastures.

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Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar Styraciflua - Sweetgum - Pennsyvania native tree

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Sweetgum (Ht. 55' Wd. 20-30') Commonly referred to as Sweetgum, but also called American Storax, Hazel Pine, Redgum, Star-Leaved Gum and Alligatorwood. This low-maintenance native medium-sized, deciduous shade tree typcially grows 60-80' tall with a straight trunk. Its habit is pyramidal when young, but it gradually develops a more rounded crown as it matures. Glossy long, star-shaped leaves are fragrant when bruised. Fall color is a brilliant mix of yellows, oranges, purples and reds.

The non-showy, flowers give way to the fantastically shaped gum balls which are hard, spherical spikey clusters. They usually fall in late winter. The bark is light brown tinged with red and sometimes gray with dark streaks.

The Sweetgum requires full sun to thrive. They love deep soil, but adapt well to other soils as long as they drain well. They require no pruning unless you feel you must. Its natural, conical, and slender shape is the most beautiful characteristic of the Sweetgum.

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Liriodendron Tulipifera
(Tulip Tree)
Tulip Tree - Liriodendron Tulipifera - Pennsyvania native tree

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Tulip Tree (Ht. 60' Wd. 30-40') is also known as the American Tulip Tree, Tulipwood, Tuliptree, Tulip Poplar, Whitewood, Fiddletree and Yellow-poplar. This native of the genus Liriodendron is the tallest eastern hardwood. It is a fast-growing, deciduous tree that can reach over 100 ft in height given time, making it a very valuable timber tree. During April to June it features beautiful, fragrant yellow-green, cup-shaped, tulip-shaped flowers with an orange band on the tepals (up to 8" long!). This plant attracts numerous pollinating insects and birds. Its bark is smooth, dark green, aromatic and bitter. It has spectacular golden fall color.

The Tulip Tree thrives in full sun and prefers at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. They prefer rich, acidic, well-drained soils although it can tolerate some drought with high humidity.

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Magnolia acuminata
(Cucumber Magnolia)
Cucumber Magnolia - Magnolia acuminata - Pennsylvania native tree

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Cucumber Magnolia (Ht. 40-70' Wd. 20-35') is also known as Blue Magnolia. This native Magnolia is one of the largest Magnolias and one of the cold-hardiest. It is native primarily within the Appalachian belt, including the Allegheny Plateau and Cumberland Plateau, up to western Pennsylvania and New York. Cucumber trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, but are not recommended for use as street trees as they can become quite massive. They grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soils that are slightly acidic.

The leaves of the Cucumber Magnolia are deciduous, oval to oblong with smooth margins with downy on the underside. Unlike most Magnolias, the flowers of the Cucumber Magnolia are not showy. They are usually small, yellow-green and bloom from April through June. The Cucumber Tree name refers to the unripe fruit, which is green and often shaped like a small cucumber. The fruit matures to a bold red color that splits open to release bright red seeds. There are many hybridizing new varieties that share its yellow flower color and cold hardiness. Check what we have in stock.

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Magnolia virginiana
(Sweetbay Magnolia)
Magnolia virginiana - Sweetbay Magnolia - Pennsyvania native tree

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MAGNOLIA VIRGINIANA-  6-7' -  Qty: 334
MAGNOLIA VIRGINIANA-  8-10' -  Qty: 86
MAGNOLIA VIRGINIANA-  12-14' -  Qty: 1
Sweetbay Magnolia (Ht. 10' Wd. 10-20') also known as Laurel Magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp Magnolia, Whitebay, Beaver Tree, or merely Sweetbay, this native ornamental was the first magnolia to be scientifically described under modern rules of botanical nomenclature. It is an evergreen or deciduous tree depending on its climate. The 2"-3" creamy white flowers have a light lemon scent and are visible in late spring to early summer. Its bark is smooth and pale grey; it has a slight fragrance reminiscent of the bay laurel spice.

Sweetbay Magnolia is often grown as an ornamental tree in gardens and parks. It has an elegant multistemmed, upright spreading habit, scented flowers and clean foliage which makes it a good choice for a specimen or patio tree. Prefers moist, acid soil with sun to partial shade.

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Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum - Nyssa sylvatica - Pennsyvania native tree

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NYSSA SYLVATICA-  #15 - 6'  Qty: 39
NYSSA SYLVATICA-  2.5" -  Qty: 2
NYSSA SYLVATICA-  3" -  Qty: 5
Blackgum (Ht. 35' Wd. 20-30') is also known as Tupelo, Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum. It is a most attractive native, medium-sized deciduous tree that typically has a pyramidal to rounded habit and straight trunks with branches extending outward at right angles.

Its bark is reddish brown and flaky when young, but becomes furrowed with age. Foliage is glossy, dark green and variable in size and shape turning purple to red in fall. Its brilliant fall color show is a highlight for this tree.

Small, 1/2 inch, dark purple oval fruits (drupes) appear on female trees only. They are quite sour, hence the name. Fruit ripens in late September as leaves change color.

This superb specimen tree prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soils in organic matter. Best in full sun. Note - this tree has a taproot, making it difficult to transplant - best to plant in spring.

See all Nyssa (Blackgum)

Ostrya virginiana
(American Hophornbeam)
American Hophornbeam - Ostrya virginiana - Pennsylvania native tree

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OSTRYA VIRGINIANA-  1.5" -  Qty: 30
American Hophornbeam (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 20-30') is also known as American Hop Hornbeam, Woolly Hop Hornbeam, Eastern Ironwood, Roughbark Ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood and Leverwood. It is a small, native, deciduous, understory tree which usually grows in dry soils on rocky slopes and woods.

It features birch-like, oval, dark yellowish-green leaves. The foliage turns an undistinguished yellow in autumn and drops early. Flowers are not particulary showy, although the male catkins are more prominent and present throughout winter providing winter interest. The female catkins are followed by seed-bearing pods that somewhat resemble the fruit of hops, a nod to its name. Its bark is brown to gray-brown with narrow shaggy plates flaking off. It has one of the hardest and toughest native woods. It was once used for runners on sleighs.

The American Hophornbeam is a wonderful low maintenance tree that works well in urban settings and can tolerate drought and heavy clay soils. It does best in full sun to partial shade in slightly acid soil that is moist, cool and fertile.

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Pinus strobus
(White Pine)
Pinus strobus - White Pine - Pennsyvania native tree

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PINUS STROBUS-  5-6' -  Qty: 49
PINUS STROBUS-  8-10' -  Qty: 23
PINUS STROBUS-  10-12' -  Qty: 2
PINUS STROBUS BLUE SHAG-  #3 - 15-18"  Qty: 15
PINUS STROBUS DIGGY-  3-4' -  Qty: 2
White Pine (Ht. 50-80' Wd. 20-40') also known as Eastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, Soft Pine or Weymouth Pine. It is an easily grown, large pine tree native to eastern Northern America. Although pyramidal in its early years, it matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown.

Bluish green needles are soft to the touch and appear in bundles of five. Brown 4-8" cones are usually not produced until the tree is 5-10 years old. It is an important timber tree (more so in the 18th and 19th centuries than now) valued for its lightweight, straight-grained wood.

It prefers well-drained, sandy soils with humid climates. It is intolerant of compacted, clay soils, alkaline conditions and urban pollution. The White Pine thrives in full sun and provides food and shelter for numerous forest birds and small mammals such as squirrels. It is an excellent specimen tree for lawns or parks. Site in areas that allow for adequate space to grow.

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Platanus occidentalis
(American Sycamore)
American Sycamore - Platanus occidentalis - Pennsyvania native tree

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American Sycamore (Ht. 70-100'+ Wd. 60') is also known as the American planetree, Western plane, Occidental plane, Buttonball Tree, Buttonwood Tree and Water beech. It is native to the eastern and central United States, the mountains of northeastern Mexico and extreme southern Ontario, Canada. It can grow to massive size over time when grown in deep soils.

It is easily distinguished by its mottled, dark red bark which flakes off in large irregular masses, leaving it gray, greenish-white and brown. This happens because the bark tissue lacks elasticity of the bark so it does not stretch to accommodate the growth of the wood underneath leaving an exfoliated multicolored inner bark. The leaves are large, maple-shaped, medium to dark green and about 4-10" wide. They will turn a nice yellow-brown in the fall.

This majestic, enormous tree prefers full sun in rich, fertile and moist, well-drained soils. It adapts well to a wide range of soil types. Give it room to grow and it surely will!

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Quercus alba
(White Oak)
Quercus alba - White Oak - Pennsylvania native tree

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QUERCUS ALBA-  2" -  Qty: 1
QUERCUS ALBA-  2.5" -  Qty: 15
White Oak (Ht. 50-80' Wd. 40-50') is a long-lived, massive, native oak, native to eastern and central North America. There are specimens that are documented to be over 450 years old! The bark is light ash-gray and peels somewhat from the top, bottom and sides. It is called White Oak because of the colour of the finished wood.

The White Oak prefers full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. It is less shade tolerate as it grows larger. It can adapt to a variety of soil types, but prefers deep, moist, well-drained sites. High pH soil will cause chlorosis.

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Quercus bicolor
(Swamp White Oak)
Quercus Bicolor - Swamp White Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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QUERCUS BICOLOR-  2" -  Qty: 34
QUERCUS BICOLOR-  2.5" -  Qty: 4
Swamp White Oak (Ht. 50' Wd. 50') is a large, wide, round-topped, deciduous tree that can survive in a variety of habitats. It is considered a lowland tree, natively growing in low-lying, swampy areas, and often on most bottomlands or river banks. It forms hybrids with Bur Oak where they occur together in the wild. Quercus bicolor grows at a moderate speed and can reach 60-80 ft tall with the tallest known to reach 95 ft at 285 years old!

It grows best in full sun in moist, deep, acidic soils. It has a 2-layer root system which allows it to grow well in areas that can flood in the spring, but become dry in summer. Young trees are tolerant of light shade, but as they mature, will need full sun.

The Swamp White Oak is a great choice for a shade or street tree. Give it room to grow and it will, at a moderate pace, to provide shade and enjoyment for many generations to come.

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Quercus coccinea
(Scarlet Oak)
Quercus coccinea - Scarlet Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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QUERCUS COCCINEA-  #20 - 1.5"  Qty: 2
QUERCUS COCCINEA-  2" -  Qty: 31
QUERCUS COCCINEA-  2.5" -  Qty: 20
QUERCUS COCCINEA-  3" -  Qty: 12
Scarlet Oak (Ht. 50-60+' Wd. 40-50') is an easy-to-grow, native, medium-large deciduous tree with an open, rounded crown. The leaves are 3-6" long and deeply cut with bristle-tipped, pointed lobes. Foliage is glossy, deep green in summer turning to scarlet in fall.

This stately shade tree is commonly planted as an ornamental tree for its popular bright red fall color. It makes a great specimen tree. It prefers full sun and well-drained, acidic soils. It needs sufficient space to grow upward and out to reach its mature size.

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Quercus imbricaria
(Shingle Oak)
Quercus imbricaria - Shingle Oak - Pennsylvania native tree

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QUERCUS IMBRICARIA-  #20 - 1.5"  Qty: 4
Shingle Oak (Ht. 40-60' Wd. 20-40') is a native, medium-sized, deciduous tree most commonly found growing in upland dry woods, prairie margins, slopes, ravines and stream margins with good drainage. It is distinguished from most other oaks by its leaves which are shaped like green laurel leaves, 4-10 inches long and 2-3 inches broad with an untoothed margin. Fall color is variable, producing attractive shades of yellow-brown to red-brown. Old leaves tend to persist on the tree throughout most of the winter. The bark is light brown and smooth when young. As it matures, it develops shallow furrowing and ridging and turns a darker brown.

Best grown in rich, humusy, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. They make a terrific shade tree for large lawns or parks. They may be pruned for use as a screen or hedge.

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Quercus macrocarpa
(Bur Oak)
Quercus macrocarpa - Bur Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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Bur Oak (Ht. 55' Wd. 40-50') is also called Burr Oak, Savanna Oak, Overcup Oak, Blue Oak, Prairie Oak, Mossycup Oak or Mossycup White Oak. This slow-growing native, deciduous shade tree has a very wide, open crown. It can commonly get to be 200-300 years old and can exceed 100 ft in height and width given time. They primarily grow in temperate climates and open environments. They are often found where there is a break in the forest canopy.

Its bark is a medium gray and somewhat rugged. Its acorns are valued by wildlife and are the largest of any North American Oak (macrocarpa in Ancient Greek means 'large') - trees do not produce nuts until they reach at least 30 years of age. Bur Oaks are tolerant of drought due to their long taproot.

Bur Oak makes an outstanding ornamental tree. It is tolerant of urban conditions and is one of the fastest-growing of its genus. It thrives in full or partial sun and loamy soil that is moist and deep.

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Quercus Muehlenbergii
(Chinkapin Oak)
Quercus muehlenbergii - Chinkapin Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII-  #20 - 1.5"  Qty: 6
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII-  #25 - 1.5"  Qty: 2
Chinkapin Oak (Ht. 45' Wd. 40-50') - also spelled Chinquapin - is a native, medium-sized, deciduous oak tree typically found on well-drained, calcareous soils (soil containing lime-chalky soils) and rocky slopes.

The Chinkapin is especially known for its sweet and palatable acorns. The nuts contained inside of its thin shell are among the sweetest of any oak, with excellent taste even when eaten raw, providing an excellent source of food for both wildlife and humans. Acorns are eaten by squirrels, chipmunks, mice, voles, deer, turkey and other birds.

The Chinkapin Oak needs full sun. It is classified as intolerant of shade. It can withstand some shade when young, but as it matures, it becomes quite intolerant. It makes a wonderful shade tree for large lawns or parks.

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Quercus palustris
(Pin Oak)
Quercus palustris - Pin Oak - Pennsylvania native tree

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QUERCUS PALUSTRIS-  #15 - 1.25"  Qty: 7
QUERCUS PALUSTRIS-  #20 - 1.5"  Qty: 10
QUERCUS PALUSTRIS-  2.5" -  Qty: 40
Pin Oak (Ht. 40-50' Wd. 40-50') is also known as the Swamp Spanish Oak. This native, medium-sized, deciduous tree is one of the most commonly used landscaping oaks in its native range due to its easy to transplant, relatively fast growth and pollution tolerance. It is naturally a wetland tree and develops a shallow, fibrous root system unlike many oaks which have strong deep taproots. Note: It is classed as intolerant of shade. It is less tolerant than Elm and Boxelder.

Fall color is bronze with individual leaves turning red for a time. It is not considered particularly distinctive. A characteristic shared by a few other oak species, as well as some beeches and hornbeams, is the retention of leaves through the winter on juvenile trees, a natural phenomenon referred to as marcescence.

The Pin Oak prefers moist, rich, well-drained soil and full sun. It tolerates wet, clay soils and is moderately tolerant to urban environments.

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Quercus phellos
(Willow Oak)
Quercus phellos - Willow Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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QUERCUS PHELLOS-  2.5" -  Qty: 1
Willow Oak (Ht. 50' Wd. 30-40') is a native, medium-sized, moderately fast growing deciduous tree most commonly found growing on lowland floodplains, often along steams. It is distinguished from most other oaks by its leaves, which are shaped like Willow leaves: bright green, 2-4" long and 1" broad with an entire (untoothed and unlobed) margin.

The Willow Oak is one of the most popular trees for landscaping due to its rapid growth, hardiness, habit, unique willow leaves, and ability to withstand both sun and shade. Something to remember: If you plant a Willow Oak around malls and roads, it often leads to cracked sidewalks and pavement over a relatively short period of time. They are beautiful and they need adequate space.

The Willow Oak is easy to care for. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and is not particular of its type. It is both salt and drought tolerant, making them popular in urban landscapes. They are perfect for lining strees or filling parking lots. They prefer full sun.

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Quercus rubra
(Red Oak)
Quercus rubra - Quercus rubra - Pennsyvania native tree

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QUERCUS RUBRA-  2" -  Qty: 3
QUERCUS RUBRA-  2.5" -  Qty: 10
QUERCUS RUBRA-  3" -  Qty: 44
Red Oak (Ht. 50' Wd. 40-50') is also called Northern Red Oak to try and distinguish it from the Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcata) which is also called the Spanish Oak. It is also sometimes called Champion Oak. In optimal conditions and full sun, this native is a fast-growing tree that grows straight and tall. It can grow as much as two feet a year for 10 years straight.

It is easy to recognize by its dark, reddish gray-brown bark, which features ridges that appear to have shiny stripes down the center. Few other oaks have bark with this kind of appearance, but it is the Red Oak that has this striping all the way down the trunk. In addition to its unique bark, the Red Oak provides great fall color, with leaves turning russet-red to bright red in fall.

Ideal conditions for the Red Oak is full sun (at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight) and acidic, moist, sandy, well-drained soils. It prefers normal moisture, but can tolerate some drought.

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Quercus Shumardii
(Shumard Oak)
Quercus shumardii - Shumard Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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Shumard Oak (Ht. 50' Wd. 40-50') is also called Spotted Oak, Schneck Oak, Shumard Red Oak and Swamp Red Oak. It is one of the largest of the oak species. In nature, it occurs on slopes, bluffs, bottom lands, steam banks and poorly drained uplands. It adapts to heavy soils, heat and drought.

The bark of a young Shumard Oak is light grey, very smooth and very reflective. It develops furrows and ridges and becomes darker with occasional white splotches as it matures. Foliage is dark green, and colors to yellow-orange to red in fall, never consistent from tree to tree.

The Shumard Oak prefers partial to full sunlight. Water the young Shumard two to three times per week during the first two months after planting. As the tree matures, it becomes more dought tolerant. The Shumard Oak is valued as a shade tree and as a food source for various birds and mammals.

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Quercus velutina
(Northern Black Oak)
Quercus velutina - Northern Black Oak - Pennsyvania native tree

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Northern Black Oak (Ht. 50-80' Wd. 40') is also known as the Eastern Black Oak or just simply Black Oak. It is similar in appearance to the Red Oak (Quercus rubra) with which it may on occasion hybridize. Bark is mostly black on mature trunks with deep furrows. Inner bark is yellow to orange. Leathery, shiny, dark green leaves turn a yellow to yellow-brown to dull red in fall.

The Black Oak is easily grown in average, acidic, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. It prefers moist, organically rich soils, but will tolerate poor dry soils. They are a great shade tree for lawns, streets and parks.

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